STATISTICS & RESEARCH

HOW MANY PEOPLE HAVE VISION LOSS?
  • The most recent report from the American Foundation for the Blind (September 2020) found that there were 258,935 blind or visually impaired residents in Illinois in 2019. 
  • The Chicago Lighthouse for the Blind, the largest and most well-known organization in the Chicagoland area meeting the needs of the blind and visually impaired, serves 65,000+ clients annually (Chicago Lighthouse website).

HOW DOES VISION LOSS AFFECT INDIVIDUALS?

  • Vision loss in adults results in social isolation, family stress, and a greater tendency to experience other health conditions or die prematurely (Ellwein, Friedlin, McBean, & Lee, 1996).
  • The annual economic impact of major vision problems among the adult population 40 years and older is more than $145 billion (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, n.d.).   ​
  • There is a significant impact on educational attainment, employment, income and poverty levels:

Benchmark

High School Education (2016)

Bachelor's Degree (2016)

Median Income (2016)

Below poverty line (2016)​

Full-time employment (2016)

US Adults - Sighted

88% (1)

33% (1)

$59,039 (3)

12.7% (3)

59.7% (4)

US Adults - Vision Loss

21.6% (2)

15.7% (2)

$38,500 (2)

27% (2)

29.5% (2)


FACTS ABOUT AFFORDABLE HOUSING

  • There is a shortage of 7 million affordable and available rental homes for households with extremely low incomes. (National Low Income Housing Coalition, 2019).

  • Only 37 affordable and available homes exist for every 100 extremely low-income renter households. (National Low Income Housing Coalition, 2019).

  • Seventy-one percent of extremely low-income households are severely housing cost-burdened, spending more than half of their incomes on housing. (National Low Income Housing Coalition, 2019).


References

American Foundation for the Blind.  (September 2020).  Statistical Snapshots from the American Foundation for the Blind:  State-Specific Statistical Information: Illinois.  Retrieved from:

https://www.afb.org/research-and-initiatives/statistics/state-specific-stats/illinois#2019


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Vision Health Initiative (VHI). (n.d.) “Fast Facts.” Retrieved from: https://www.cdc.gov/visionhealth/basics/ced/fastfacts.htm


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Vision Health Initiative (VHI). (n.d.) “The Burden of Vision Loss.” Retrieved from: https://www.cdc.gov/visionhealth/risk/burden.htm


Erickson, W., Lee, C., von Schrader, S. (2017). Disability Statistics from the American Community Survey (ACS). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Yang-Tan Institute (YTI). Retrieved from Cornell University Disability Statistics website: www.disabilitystatistics.org


(2) National Federation of the Blind. (January 2019) Blindness Statistics. Retrieved from: https://www.nfb.org/resources/blindness-statistics


National Low Income Housing Coalition (2019) 2019 Annual Report.  Retrieved from: https://nlihc.org/sites/default/files/AR-2019/2019_Annual-Report.pdf


(1) Ryan, C.L. and Bauman, K. (March, 2016). Educational Attainment in the United States: 2015. U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports. U.S. Department of Commerce. Washington, D.C. Retrieved from: https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2016/demo/p20-578.pdf


(3) Semega, J.L., Fontenot, K.R. & Kollar, M.A. (2017). Income and Poverty in the United States: 2016, U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P60-259, , U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, DC. Retrieved from: https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2017/acs/acsbr16-02.pdf


The Chicago Lighthouse. (2020). Website.  Retrieved from: https://chicagolighthouse.org


(4) U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. (June 7, 2016). TED: The Economics Daily, U.S. Department of Labor, Washington, D.C. Retrieved from: https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2016/employment-population-ratio-59-point-7-percent-unemployment-rate-4-point-7-percent-in-may.htm#:~:text=Bureau%20of%20Labor%20Statistics,-The%20Economics%20Daily&text=The%20employment%E2%80%93population%20ratio%20was%2059.7%20percent.